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An ethics for tourism

Verantwortlicher Autor: Carlo Marino Rome, 17.08.2019, 08:15 Uhr
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Rome [ENA] Is it possible to speak of Ethics for Tourism? Yes, it is. And as a fundamental frame of reference for responsible and sustainable tourism, there’s the Global Code of Ethics for Tourism (GCET). It is a comprehensive set of principles designed to guide key-players in tourism development. With international tourism forecast to reach 1.6 billion arrivals by 2020, members of the World Tourism Organization believe

that the Global Code of Ethics for Tourism is needed to help minimize the negative impacts of tourism on the environment and on cultural heritage while maximizing the benefits for residents of tourism destinations. Addressed to governments, the travel industry, communities and tourists alike, it aims to help maximise the sector’s benefits while minimising its potentially negative impact on the environment, cultural heritage and societies across the globe. The Code was adopted in 1999 by the General Assembly of the World Tourism Organization. Two years later the Code got the acknowledgement by the United Nations. The United Nations Economic and Social Council (ECOSOC), in its substantive session of July 2001, adopted a draft resolution on

on the Code of Ethics and called on the UN General Assembly to recognize the document. Official recognition by the UN General Assembly of the Global Code of Ethics for Tourism came on 21 December 2001, through UN resolution A/RES/56/212, by which it further encouraged the World Tourism Organization to promote an effective follow-up of the Code.Although not legally binding, the Code features a voluntary implementation mechanism through its recognition of the role of the World Committee on Tourism Ethics (WCTE), to which stakeholders may refer matters concerning the application and interpretation of the document. The Code’s 10 principles amply cover the economic, social, cultural and environmental components of travel and tourism:

Article 1: Tourism's contribution to mutual understanding and respect between peoples and societies Article 2: Tourism as a vehicle for individual and collective fulfilment Article 3: Tourism, a factor of sustainable development Article 4: Tourism, a user of the cultural heritage of mankind and contributor to its enhancement Article 5: Tourism, a beneficial activity for host countries and communities Article 6: Obligations of stakeholders in tourism development Article 7: Right to tourism Article 8: Liberty of tourist movements Article 9: Rights of the workers and entrepreneurs in the tourism industry Article 10: Implementation of the principles of the Global Code of Ethics for Tourism

This set of principles has the purpose to guide stakeholders in tourism development: central and local governments, local communities, the tourism industry and its professionals, as well as visitors, both international and domestic. UNWTO is guided by the belief that tourism can make a meaningful contribution to people’s lives and to the improvement of the harmony and equilibrium of the planet which needs to be saved.

This conviction is at the very heart of the Global Code of Ethics for Tourism, a roadmap for tourism development. the Code for the benefit of tourists, tour operators, host communities and their environments worldwide. Ethics for Tourism adds new thinking that reflects the changing society at the beginning of the 21st century. This Ethics can help to safeguard the future of the tourism industry and expand the sector's contribution to economic prosperity, peace and understanding among all the nations of the world.

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